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Allan Schwartz, Ph.D.Allan Schwartz, Ph.D.
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Dogs, Social Support and Health: A Winning Combination

Allan N. Schwartz, LCSW, Ph.D. Updated: Apr 1st 2006

We know that exercise is good for the heart. We know that having companionship is good for health. But, did you know that owning a dog helps relieve stress, lower blood pressure and heart rate? Please read:

Psychology Today Magazine published an article in its April 2006 edition about a research project completed at the State University of New York at Buffalo. In this study, 480 people were subjected to various types of stress inducing tasks. In some cases, the subject was allowed to have their dog present during the task and in other cases the dog was not permitted to be with its owner. The same was true of the subject's spouse. In some cases, the spouse was allowed to participate and in others the spouse was absent. Before, during, and after the experiment, blood pressure and heart rate were carefully monitored and documented. The results of the study were fascinating:


The tasks required of the subjects were successful in sending heart rates and blood pressure soaring.

When a participant's spouse was present, blood pressure and heart rate were the highest of all participants even though the spouse was permitted to provide any type of social support they thought necessary.

Stress response was lowest among those who were allowed to have their dogs present during and after the task.

It is not surprising that the researchers speculated that the reason why those with their dogs present had a better outcome is that dogs are comforting and non-critical.

This study coincides with another recent research project, which demonstrated that loneliness and the lack of social support in the life of an individual leads to high blood pressure. It seems that a pet, particularly a dog, goes a long way toward providing owners with a sense of responsibility, comfort, and companionship that has real health benefits. For one thing, the mere process of walking a dog leads to the opportunity to speak with people and interact. Children, other adult dog owners, and interested neighbors stop to interact with those who are walking their dogs. In addition, dogs are always welcoming when their owner returns home from having been elsewhere. For those people who live by themselves and may feel socially isolated, this welcome feels very good and reassuring.

As long as a person is free of allergies and enjoys dogs, owning one is fun and even has these wonderful health benefits.

Any guesses as to why the presence of a spouse did not help??

Your responses are welcome.

Allan Schwartz, LCSW, Ph.D.

Readers who live in the Boulder, Colorado metro area, or in Southwest Florida may contact Dr. Schwartz for face-to-face consultation. He is also available for psychotherapy through Skype video for those who are not in Florida or Colorado. He can be reached via email at for details.

Reader Comments
Discuss this issue below or in our forums.

Can a dog raise a person's heart go up - Abraham Kemmerln - Feb 10th 2009

       My prediction was that a dog could make a person's heart go up.My prediction was right but also wrong.I say that because i tested my two sisters which are 11 and there heart was 74 and 105. Then after the dogs it was 63 and 79, it went down. At first I thought my prediction was wrong,then I tested my little brother he's 12,his heart ws 98 and went up to 102. So now I thik it on the the sex.    

dogs and stress - - Mar 13th 2008

dear reader,

i have done a experiment to test if it matter if a dog had curly hair or straight hair for decreesing stress. sadly my experiment was inconclusive, but i had fould out what looked like the results that dogs don't decrees stress. now i am hearing that they do.

which is it?

-a firend

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