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Treatment Recommendations for Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

Matthew D. Jacofsky, Psy.D., Melanie T. Santos, Psy.D., Sony Khemlani-Patel, Ph.D. & Fugen Neziroglu, Ph.D. of the Bio Behavioral Institute, edited by C. E. Zupanick, Psy.D. Updated: Jan 2nd 2014

There are several highly effective psychotherapies for obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD).

The usual approach is some combination of the above-mentioned types of cognitive and behavioral therapies. In general, the gold standard is considered to be ERP coupled with cognitive therapy. Acceptance and commitment therapy is actually considered a hybrid of traditional cognitive behavioral therapy. Although the approaches and goals are somewhat different, it is an effective alternative to traditional cognitive-behavioral methods.

Studies have demonstrated that people improve when behavioral exposure and response prevention therapy (ERP), OR cognitive therapy, are delivered alone (Emmelkamp, Visser, & Hoekstra, 1988). Other studies suggest the combination of these two techniques appears to be the most effective method (Abramowitz, Taylor, & McKay, 2005). Improvement rates in the literature vary from 40% to 97%, but 50% is a conservative estimate.

Usually psychotherapy is enhanced by the addition of several different adjunct therapies. The specific selection of additional therapies is determined by individual needs and circumstances. These additional therapies are:

Matthew D. Jacofsky, Psy.D., Melanie T. Santos, Psy.D., Sony Khemlani-Patel, Ph.D. & Fugen Neziroglu, Ph.D. of the Bio Behavioral Institute

Authors Statement: Established in 1979, the Bio Behavioral Institute is a psychological and psychiatric clinic dedicated to the treatment and research of anxiety and mood disorders. Based in Long Island, NY, USA, the institute serves both a local and international clientele. Our staff have over 40 years of experience treating anxiety and mood disorders and have been at the forefront of scientifically supported treatments for anxiety disorders for many years. We offer a variety of programs provided by a multidisciplinary team of professionals. For more information, please visit us online at www.biobehavioralinstitute.com or view Bio Behavioral Institute and author biographical information on this website.

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