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Childhood Mental Disorders and Illnesses


Tammi Reynolds, BA & Mark Dombeck, Ph.D., edited by Kathryn Patricelli, MA Updated: Sep 25th 2018

Our perception of autism spectrum disorder has evolved over time. Sixty years ago, the condition was nothing more than an unrecognized developmental delay generally lumped in with intellectual disabilities. Today it is recognized as an independent neurologically based disorder of significance, a major public health issue, and a topic of much research. Researchers have struggled to find a cause for the disorder without great success. Despite this difficulty, research continues in ever more sophisticated directions. Numerous treatments have been developed that help children with autism spectrum disorder to maximize their potential to learn and become socially fluent, no matter how strong their impairments may be. There is cause for hope.

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Conclusion part in Autistic adulthood info. - V - Jul 3rd 2006

"Our perception of autism has evolved over time. Sixty years ago autism was nothing more than an unrecognized developmental delay generally lumped in with mental retardation" Nearly 50 to 70% of the people w ASD do have Mental Retardation. The fact is MR aspect is not testable due to language deficits or cognitive impairments. TO portray all Autistics as NON_MR cases is wrong. Only a very small % of them are endowed w normal or above normal IQs. Not many cases are endowed w SAVANTIC skills like RAINMAN from that movie. Or are like Gates or Einstein or Other High Functioning cases. Please make a correction on that point. Thank you. w regards, V

Editor's Note: We don't think a correction is necessary, because we aren't suggestiong that most Autistic people are not also diagnosable with MR. Our point is to say that the two disorders are now considered distinct, where in the past they were not. Please see the document titled "What Autism is not" for further clarification. But your point is well taken.

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